Cognitive Therapy for Schizophrenia

Cognitive therapy has been shown to be effective for psychiatric disorders like depression and anxiety, but it has been less studied in illnesses like schizophrenia. The primary treatment for schizophrenia is almost always medication, but the available drugs tend to leave a significant number of patients with continued positive and negative schizophrenia symptoms. Therapies like cognitive-behavioral therapy and cognitive remediation can help

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is currently used to help treat primary symptoms of schizophrenia, social impairments, and comorbid disorders like depression. Several studies have found that CBT is effective at helping schizophrenia patients manage their symptoms, even lessening the frequency and intensity of hallucinations and delusions. Some more recent studies have cast doubt on the effectiveness of CBT for schizophrenia, but it remains a valid approach with few side effects that may help treat medication-resistant symptoms.

Cognitive Remediation

Trouble with cognitive performance is common in people with schizophrenia, and is associated with poor long-term functioning. Cognitive remediation therapy is designed to improve cognition and, in turn, improve social functioning among people with schizophrenia. It makes use of techniques such as drill and practice and compensatory and adaptive strategies to improve things like memory, attention, and problem solving ability.

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